The Restored Burlington Northern Depot & WWII Memorial Museum


  Military related issues, on the War and Home Fronts, 1901 thru 1920


Mexican Expedition Campaigns, 14 MAR 1916 – 07 FEB 1917

  Company M, 168th Infantry Regiment, on steps of the Post Office
in Red Oak, Iowa, June 1916, prior to departing to Brownsville, Texas.

World War I, from the first shots in 1914 to the Armistice in 1918,
all in a one hour video

      Saint Augustine, Martin Luther, and the origins of World War I

BBC 1964 documentary on World War I 
                 amazing yet tragic videos, and commentary upon to reflect
                                     each video forty minutes

                      part 1 - On the Idle Hill of Summer 

                             part 2 - For Such a Stupid Reason, Too  

                             part 3 - We Must Hack Our Way Through 

                            part 4 - Our Hats We Doff to General Joffre 

                            part 5 - This business may last a long time 

                            part 6 - So Sleep Easy in Your Beds

                            part 7 - We Await the Heavenly Manna

                            part 8 - Why Don't You Come and Help

                            part 9 - Please God Send Us a Victory

 part 10 - What are our Allies doing?                                                  

                                    part 11  -   Hell cannot be so terrible
                                     part 12 - For Gawd's Sake Don't Send Me

                                    part  13 - The Devil is coming 

                                    part 14  -  All This It is Our Duty to Bear    

                                    part 15  -  We are Betrayed, Sold, Lost

                                    part 16 - Right is more precious than peace
                                    part 17  - Surely We Have Perished

                                   part 18 - Fat Rodzianko has sent me some nonsense

                                   part 19 - The Hell Where Youth and Laughter Go

                                   part 20 - Only War, Nothing But War 

                                   part 21 - It Was Like the End of the World

                          part 22 - Damn Them, Are They Never Coming In?

                          part 23 - When must the end be?

                            part 24 - Allah Made Mesopotamia and Added Flies 

                            part 25 - The iron thrones are falling

                           part 26 - And We Were Young

                           part 27 – Voices and Videos from the Western Front   (55 minutes)


  The entry in Wikipedia about the BBC Great War series

“…we shall carry on this war to the end
                                 as a civilized nation….”.

The OCT 1914 Manifesto by ninety-three 
                                German Intellectuals.

              Source: The World War I Document Archive

        “World War One – The War That Will End War”   (4pp, .pdf)
            The enduring consequences since the end of WWI in 1918

         “It is a fearful thing…but the right is more precious than peace…”
                      --- President Woodrow Wilson, asking Congress
                          to declare war on Germany, 02 APR 1917 
(1 p., .pdf)

        The 34th Infantry Division began forming in JUN and JUL 1917,
             with National Guard units from ND, SD, MN, NE, and IA,
       at Camp Cody, Deming, NM.  Officially constituted 18 JUL 1917.  
        Stories and photos about training and life at Camp Cody, NM.


Photograph of 34th Sandstorm Infantry Division
                                    Animated Unit Insignia,
                     at Camp Cody, Deming, NM, 18 AUG 1918.  
                      Animated text:  Duty, Honor, 34, Country.   


The Big Picture: 42nd Rainbow Division
                       during World War I & II    
(video 0:30 hours)

From The Roots of the War - A Non-Technical History of Europe
1870 - 1914 A.D. by William Stearns Davis, PhD, 1919,
557 pp.
Available at
"The heir to the throne, the Crown Prince Frederick William
[until fall of the empire on 09 NOV 1918], was openly
consorting with the extreme militarist, pro-war party,
applauding violent jingoist speeches in the Reichstag,
and evidently going to the extreme limit permissible
without provoking extreme foreign disquietude.

In 1913 he wrote an introduction to a volume, 'Germany
in Arms,' in which he said, 'It is only by relying upon our
good German sword that we can hope to conquer that
place in the sun which rightly belongs to us, and which
the world does not seem willing to accord us. . . . Till the
world shall come to an end, the ultimate decision must
rest with the sword.'"  pp 371-372.



                 Flanders by Otto Dix, recipient of the Iron Cross,
     Deutsches Heer, the Great War, 28 JUL 1914 - 11 NOV 1918


Extensive resources from the US Army Center of Military History -
images, historical audio/video, primary source documents, maps,
  order of battle for engagements and geospatial analysis on the
    Western Front, and Italy.  Encompasses pre-war training
      in the States, to post war occupation in the Rhineland.

   “…America needs to know about the regular people who
   served [in WWI] and were injured and died.  So many of
   them went voluntarily, and it was such an act of kindness
   to go help the French and the Brits and the Belgians.”
          --- Sandra Sinclair Pershing, the last Pershing,
     The American Legion Magazine, APR 2017 
(3 pp, .pdf)

          2,000+ colourised WWI photos on facebook           

                            WWI Western Front in Colour  (facebook)

  “The legend that [Sergeant Alvin C. York] accomplished
  all this singlehandedly – killing more than 20 Germans,
  wiping out 35 machine gun nests…”.
     The American Legion Magazine, APR 2017 
(5 pp., .pdf)

Foundations & Legacy: General of the Armies John J. Pershing
     “…by some spiritual quality, by a wordless, soundless
          something that radiated from him, he gradually
          turned the current and made it flow with him.”


                              The Triple Entente  

                           The Central Powers

        Silent film from WWI
(1:20 hours) – the American
           Expeditionary Forces in St Mihiel, Cantigny,
     Château-Thierry, and Meuse-Argonne engagements. 

The Great War   (2 pp, .pdf)


           Read about Iowans breaking the linchpin to the

                 Hindenburg Line, October 1918  (4 pp, .pdf)


    “…the mile of French farmland conquered by the ‘Fighting First’
    at the hilltop village of Cantigny marked not only America’s
   first steps toward the armistice but the birth of its modern Army.”
             The American Legion Magazine, APR 2017 
(6 pp., .pdf)

The Record of the 168th Infantry  (1 page)
          Military engagements of the 42nd Rainbow Division, of which the
        168th Infantry Regiment was an element, included: Sector of Snipes,
        Oureq, Sergy, St Mihiel Salient, Marimbois Farm, Côte de Châtillon, 
           Tuilerie Farm, Baccart, Esperance-Souaine, Champagne-Marne,
                  Hill 212, Aisne-Marne, Essey-Pannes, Meuse-Argonne. 
                           The 42nd suffered a 30.6% casualty rate.

Triptych by Otto Dix, recipient of the Deutsches Heer Iron Cross,
                                            during the Great War


The Story of the 168th Infantry by John H. Tabor, 1925,
                       State Historical Society of Iowa
“The Boche was shelling the road directly ahead with 150’s and
   already the acrid smoke of explosion was choking the leading
 squads, so the column was halted and the men scattered into the
  the fields, where they waited for a few minutes, shells bursting
    near them, until the bombardment ceased.” 
(p 106, vol 2)
                     Volume 1             Volume 2

        Armageddon in Europe, Africa, Middle East, and Asia
            “How will Mankind endure this Voyage to the

                           Heart of Darkness?”
Apocalypse World War One
                                  part 1  -- 
                                  part 2  -- 
part 3  --  Hell
part 4  --  Rage
part 5  --  Deliverance
audio-videos in color; 50 minutes each part

     videos, podcasts, newsletters, book reviews, presentations,
  articles, & rememberances, all about the WWI Western Front.


Silent US Army video
(0:10 hours) of the May thru July, 1918,
        St Mihiel and the (second) Battle of Château-Thierry. 
        A French major who saw the 42nd Rainbow Division
    (of which the 168th Infantry Regiment was an element)
  in action wrote, “The conduct of American troops has been
    perfect and has been greatly admired by French officers
     and men.  Calm and perfect bearing under artillery fire,
    endurance of fatigue and privations, tenacity in defense,
       eagerness in counterattack, willingness to engage in
           hand-to hand fighting—such are the qualities
       reported to me by all the French officers I have seen.”

           ---Thanks to H.W. Crocker III, and Scott Michael Rank, PhD.

11 November 1918: Memory and War  by Dr Keith Huxen  (3 pp, .pdf)

                   By Eric Henri Kennington, 1888-1960,
            official war artist for the British Armed Forces.

        Read about First Lieutenant Jarvis Jenness Offutt, U.S. Army,
        killed in action, while attached to the British Royal Air Force.

Memorial Day 2020: A Tribute to the Heroes
                          who fell during the Great War   
(18 minutes)

            From Catastrophe: Europe Goes to War in 1914 
                   (published 2013) by Sir Max Hastings:   
"The war had not been precipitated by popular 
               nationalism fervor, but by the decisions of tiny 
                groups of individuals in seven governments."

            Hastings notes world leaders in the early 20th
             Century were  "...deniers, who preferred to 
            persist with supremely dangerous policies and
            strategies rather than accept the consequences
               of admitting the prospective implausibility,
                   and retrospective failure, of these."

              Hastings suggests the leaders in those days 
                 were no more ignorant, nor intelligent, 
                       than those in the 21st Century.


    “Did the end of the Great War come too soon?”  (9pp, .pdf)

The Long Shadow of the Great War 
Dr David Reynolds  (50 minutes each video)
                                          part 1
                                          part 2
                                          part 3
"Wilsonianism was no more an easy answer 
           at the start of the 21st Century than it had
            been in the aftermath of the Great War."

    "Wilson left a legacy of paternal, interventionist 
      statism built on a centralized bureaucracy... 
      a gnostic longing for a universal and permanent
      end to war, poverty, and injustice; a self-righteous
      consciousness of America's mission to end the 
      'old order' and bring in the new; a tendency 
      to simplify world history into 'reactionary' 
      and 'progressive' forces... leading to the
      unprecedented size and use of America's military." 

From Wilsonsonian Slaughter

          by Dr Richard M. Gamble  (3 pp, .pdf)

          "The Lessons of the Versailles Treaty" 
                by Dr Victor Davis Hanson  (4 pp, .pdf)

American Committee for Devastated France - two videos, each 0:50 hours,
showing volunteers assisting in the caring of citizens and rebuilding
of the Aisne region of France during and after World War One.


Subsequently, the Franco-American Museum was founded in the
Château Blérancourt to celebrate artists from the two nations, and
house a library and memorabilia especially relating to the Great War.

        “The Germans almost won the war [in the Spring of 1918].
       The Americans arrive with just enough strength and just the
                         right time to tip that balance.”

 “We [the Allies at the 1919 Versailles Peace Conference] made
         it [the Weimar Republic] almost impossible to be successful.”

From The Lasting Legacy of World War I   (20 minute video)

The Meuse-Argonne Offensive, 26 SEP – 11 NOV, 1918
                   described in the offensive’s six phases.    45pp, .pdf

     photos, maps, weaponry, posters, vintage videos, battles


wwicoinA.png   wwicoinB.png

            French Heroes Fund medal, 1918, bronze. 


        The Fund was established by Americans to help wounded French soldiers,
                         their families, and children orphaned by the Great War. 

                                    The reverse symbolizes Marianne Lady Liberty,

                                      first appearing during the French Revolution.

"When war broke out... the France of civilization, accustomed
by long years of peace 
to disbelieve in war; which, in conjuring
up a picture of Europe delivered over to fire and blood, could
not conceive that any human being in the world would assume
the responsibility for such an act before history....


The war which lay in wait for these men, many of whom did
not seem made for war, was a war of which nobody had ever
seen the like.  


We have heard tell of wars of giants, of battles of nations,
but nobody had ever seen a war extending from the
Marne [France] to the Vistula [Poland], nor battle
with a front of hundreds of kilometers, lasting weeks
without respite day or night, fought by millions of men.


Never in its worst nightmares had hallucinated imagination
conjured up the progress made in the art of mowing down
human lives."

Excerpt from the address to the Institut français, 26 OCT 1914,
by René Doumic of École Normale and Collège Stanislas - Paris. 
The New York Times Current History A Monthly Magazine
The European War Volume I From the Beginning

to March, 1915, page 164.   Retrieved from


         Company F, 168th Infantry Regiment, 42nd Infantry
         Rainbow Division, fought on six Western Fronts,

                               during the Great War


                     World War One Genealogy Research Guide     
Includes 250 live hyperlinks  (.pdf, 9MB, 104pp)

           World War I Memorial Fountain, Fountain Square Park,
           Red Oak, Iowa.  Each perimeter water spray is in honor
           of a World War 1 Hero from Montgomery County, Iowa,
               who gave their life in the Service of their Country,
                               during the Great War.

      Referring to the Memorial Fountain Dedication on 01 OCT 1927,
          the Red Oak Express on 03 OCT 1927 states "In all eight
          150 kilowatt lamps send out amber, red, blue and daylight
             lighting in a haze of beauty and glory after sundown." --
          symbolizing the 42nd Rainbow Division in World War One.
                As of the year 2020, those lamps are inoperable.

          Beginning in the year 2020, Restored Burlington Depot and WWII Memorial 
              Museum volunteers periodically apply a (reversable) protective coating
                to the bronze plaques in Red Oak Memorial Fountain Square Park.  
           Purpose is to mitigate further corrosion; approved of the City of Red Oak


           MEMORIAL FOUNTAIN by W. E. Wells
                  It is not just a pile of stone,
                  Not just a mason's work alone;
                  Its symmetry's artistic grace
                  Means more than architect can trace.
                  No hand with mortar and with rock
                  Can build within a man-made block
                  That subtle something pure and fine
                  Which makes of It a holy shrine.
                  That human attribute sublime
                  Which knows no law of space or time,
                  Freshened by sacrificial tears
                  Or martyred mothers, thru the years
                  Goes on undimmed and without pause,
                  Immutable as the basic laws
                  Of life and love and eternity ---
                  That wondrous thing we know as Memory.

          The names of those Heroes


How World War I Changed America - 9 videos

               THE WOUND IN TIME
                  By Carol Ann Duffy, 2018, Poet Laureate
                            of Great Britain, 2009 – 2019

      It is the wound in Time.  The century’s tides,
      chanting their bitter psalms, cannot heal it.
     Not the war to end all wars; death’s birthing place;
     the earth nursing its ticking metal eggs, hatching
    new carnage.  But how could you know, brave
    as belief as you boarded the boats, singing?
    The end of God in the poisonous, shrapneled air.
    Poetry gargling its own blood.  We sense it was love
    you gave your world for; the town squares silent,
    awaiting their cenotaphs.  What happened next?
    War.  And after that?  War.  And now?  War.  War.
    History might as well be water, chastising this shore;
    for we learn nothing from your endless sacrifice.
   Your faces drowning in the pages of the sea.




       Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill wrote about his

      experiences on 11 NOV 1918: "It was a few minutes

      before the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the

      eleventh month...waiting for Big Ben to tell that the war

      over... and then suddenly the first stroke of the chime...

      the bells of London began to clash.   

      After fifty-two months of making burdens grievous to be

      borne and binding them on men's backs, at last, all at once,

      suddenly and everywhere the burdens were cast down."

 -- in Winston S. Churchill, volume IV
   World in Torment 1916-1922
, by Sir Martin Gilbert.


                       St Mihiel American Cemetery ---
           WW1 Memorial to 4,153 military dead,

                            and 284 missing in action.
  Located near Thiaucourt, France, 260 km east of Paris.


The Restored Burlington Northern Depot
                     & WWII   Memorial Museum