The Restored Burlington Northern Depot & WWII Memorial Museum

                                           depothill.net

  Military related issues, on the War and Home Fronts, 1901 thru 1920

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Mexican Expedition Campaigns, 14 MAR 1916 – 07 FEB 1917

  Company M, 168th Infantry Regiment, on steps of the Post Office
in Red Oak, Iowa, June 1916, prior to departing to Brownsville, Texas.
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      Saint Augustine, Martin Luther, and the origins of World War I
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BBC 1964 documentary on World War I 
                 amazing yet tragic videos, and commentary upon to reflect
                      part 1 - On the Idle Hill of Summer  
(40 minute video)
                             part 2 - For Such a Stupid Reason, Too   (40 minute video)
                             part 3 - We Must Hack Our Way Through  (40 minute video)
                            part 4 - Our Hats We Doff to General Joffre  (40 minute video)
                            part 5 - This business may last a long time  (40 minute video)
                            part 6 - So Sleep Easy in Your Beds  (40 minute video)
                            part 7 - We Await the Heavenly Manna  (40 minute video)

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        “World War One – The War That Will End War”   (4pp, .pdf)
            The enduring consequences since the end of WWI in 1918
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         “It is a fearful thing…but the right is more precious than peace…”
                      --- President Woodrow Wilson, asking Congress
                          to declare war on Germany, 02 APR 1917 
(1 p., .pdf)
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        The 34th Infantry Division began forming in JUN and JUL 1917,
             with National Guard units from ND, SD, MN, NE, and IA,
       at Camp Cody, Deming, NM.  Officially constituted 18 JUL 1917.  
        Stories and photos about training and life at Camp Cody, NM.

                                                     
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Photograph of 34th Sandstorm Infantry Division
                                    Animated Unit Insignia,
                     at Camp Cody, Deming, NM, 18 AUG 1918.  
                      Animated text:  Duty, Honor, 34, Country.   
 

                                                     
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The Big Picture: 42nd Rainbow Division
                       during World War I & II    
(video 0:30 hours)
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From The Roots of the War - A Non-Technical History of Europe
1870 - 1914 A.D. by William Stearns Davis, PhD, 1919,
557 pp.
Available at
https://openlibrary.org/books/OL6622165M/The_roots_of_the_war
"The heir to the throne, the Crown Prince Frederick William
[until fall of the empire on 09 NOV 1918], was openly
consorting with the extreme militarist, pro-war party,
applauding violent jingoist speeches in the Reichstag,
and evidently going to the extreme limit permissible
without provoking extreme foreign disquietude.

In 1913 he wrote an introduction to a volume, 'Germany
in Arms,' in which he said, 'It is only by relying upon our
good German sword that we can hope to conquer that
place in the sun which rightly belongs to us, and which
the world does not seem willing to accord us. . . . Till the
world shall come to an end, the ultimate decision must
rest with the sword.'"  pp 371-372.

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                 Flanders by Otto Dix, recipient of the Iron Cross,
     Deutsches Heer, the Great War, 28 JUL 1914 - 11 NOV 1918

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Extensive resources from the US Army Center of Military History -
images, historical audio/video, primary source documents, maps,
  order of battle for engagements and geospatial analysis on the
    Western Front, and Italy.  Encompasses pre-war training
      in the States, to post war occupation in the Rhineland.
                                          
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   “…America needs to know about the regular people who
   served [in WWI] and were injured and died.  So many of
   them went voluntarily, and it was such an act of kindness
   to go help the French and the Brits and the Belgians.”
          --- Sandra Sinclair Pershing, the last Pershing,
     The American Legion Magazine, APR 2017 
(3 pp, .pdf)
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          2,000+ colourised WWI photos on facebook           
                                          
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  “The legend that [Sergeant Alvin C. York] accomplished
  all this singlehandedly – killing more than 20 Germans,
  wiping out 35 machine gun nests…”.
     The American Legion Magazine, APR 2017 
(5 pp., .pdf)
                                        
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Foundations & Legacy: General of the Armies John J. Pershing

     “…by some spiritual quality, by a wordless, soundless
          something that radiated from him, he gradually
          turned the current and made it flow with him.”

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                              The Triple Entente  
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                           The Central Powers
                                          
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        Silent film from WWI
(1:20 hours) – the American
           Expeditionary Forces in St Mihiel, Cantigny,
     Château-Thierry, and Meuse-Argonne engagements. 
                                          
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The Great War   (2 pp, .pdf)

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           Read about Iowans breaking the linchpin to the

 
                 Hindenburg Line, October 1918  (4 pp, .pdf)

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    “…the mile of French farmland conquered by the ‘Fighting First’
    at the hilltop village of Cantigny marked not only America’s
   first steps toward the armistice but the birth of its modern Army.”
             The American Legion Magazine, APR 2017 
(6 pp., .pdf)
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The Record of the 168th Infantry  (1 page)
          Military engagements of the 42nd Rainbow Division, of which the
        168th Infantry Regiment was an element, included: Sector of Snipes,
        Oureq, Sergy, St Mihiel Salient, Marimbois Farm, Côte de Châtillon, 
           Tuilerie Farm, Baccart, Esperance-Souaine, Champagne-Marne,
                  Hill 212, Aisne-Marne, Essey-Pannes, Meuse-Argonne. 
                           The 42nd suffered a 30.6% casualty rate.
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Triptych by Otto Dix, recipient of the Deutsches Heer Iron Cross,
                                            during the Great War

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The Story of the 168th Infantry by John H. Tabor, 1925,
                       State Historical Society of Iowa
“The Boche was shelling the road directly ahead with 150’s and
   already the acrid smoke of explosion was choking the leading
 squads, so the column was halted and the men scattered into the
  the fields, where they waited for a few minutes, shells bursting
    near them, until the bombardment ceased.” 
(p 106, vol 2)
  
                     Volume 1             Volume 2
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  http://westernfrontassociation.com
     videos, podcasts, newsletters, book reviews, presentations,
  articles, & rememberances, all about the WWI Western Front.

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Silent US Army video
(0:10 hours) of the May thru July, 1918,
        St Mihiel and the (second) Battle of Château-Thierry. 
        A French major who saw the 42nd Rainbow Division
    (of which the 168th Infantry Regiment was an element)
  in action wrote, “The conduct of American troops has been
    perfect and has been greatly admired by French officers
     and men.  Calm and perfect bearing under artillery fire,
    endurance of fatigue and privations, tenacity in defense,
       eagerness in counterattack, willingness to engage in
           hand-to hand fighting—such are the qualities
       reported to me by all the French officers I have seen.”

           ---Thanks to H.W. Crocker III, and Scott Michael Rank, PhD.
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11 November 1918: Memory and War  by Dr Keith Huxen  (3 pp, .pdf)
                                                  
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                   By Eric Henri Kennington, 1888-1960,
            official war artist for the British Armed Forces.

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        Read about First Lieutenant Jarvis Jenness Offutt, U.S. Army,
        killed in action, while attached to the British Royal Air Force.
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Memorial Day 2020: A Tribute to the Heroes
                          who fell during the Great War   
(18 minutes)
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    “Did the end of the Great War come too soon?”  (8pp, .pdf)
                                                   
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American Committee for Devastated France - two videos, each 0:50 hours,
showing volunteers assisting in the caring of citizens and rebuilding
of the Aisne region of France during and after World War One.

  
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Subsequently, the Franco-American Museum was founded in the
Château Blérancourt to celebrate artists from the two nations, and
house a library and memorabilia especially relating to the Great War.

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                               www.firstworldwar.com
     photos, maps, weaponry, posters, vintage videos, battles

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Incredible footage on the World War 1 YouTube Channel

        Follow the events of the war week by week.

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   French Heroes Fund medal, 1918, bronze.  The Fund was

  established by Americans to help wounded French soldiers,
 
     their families, and children orphaned by the Great War. 

         The reverse symbolizes Marianne Lady Liberty,

             first appearing during the French Revolution
.
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         Company F, 168th Infantry Regiment, 42nd Infantry
         Rainbow Division, fought on six Western Fronts,

                               during the Great War

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                           World War One Genealogy Research Guide        
                                      
Includes 250 live hyperlinks  (.pdf, 9MB, 104pp)
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           World War I Memorial Fountain, Fountain Square Park,
           Red Oak, Iowa.  Each perimeter water spray is in honor
           of a World War 1 Hero from Montgomery County, Iowa,
               who gave their life in the Service of their Country,
                               during the Great War.

      Referring to the Memorial Fountain Dedication on 01 OCT 1927,
          the Red Oak Express on 03 OCT 1927 states "In all eight
          150 kilowatt lamps send out amber, red, blue and daylight
             lighting in a haze of beauty and glory after sundown."

                As of the year 2020, those lamps are inoperable. 
                  Perhaps an initiative might relight those lamps,
         symbolizing the 42nd Rainbow Division in World War One. 
 

           MEMORIAL FOUNTAIN by W. E. Wells
                  It is not just a pile of stone,
                  Not just a mason's work alone;
                  Its symmetry's artistic grace
                  Means more than architect can trace.
                  No hand with mortar and with rock
                  Can build within a man-made block
                  That subtle something pure and fine
                  Which makes of It a holy shrine.
                  That human attribute sublime
                  Which knows no law of space or time,
                  Freshened by sacrificial tears
                  Or martyred mothers, thru the years
                  Goes on undimmed and without pause,
                  Immutable as the basic laws
                  Of life and love and eternity ---
                  That wondrous thing we know as Memory.


                        The names of those Heroes
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How World War I Changed America - 9 videos
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               THE WOUND IN TIME
                  By Carol Ann Duffy, 2018, Poet Laureate
                            of Great Britain, 2009 – 2019

      It is the wound in Time.  The century’s tides,
      chanting their bitter psalms, cannot heal it.
     Not the war to end all wars; death’s birthing place;
     the earth nursing its ticking metal eggs, hatching
    new carnage.  But how could you know, brave
    as belief as you boarded the boats, singing?
    The end of God in the poisonous, shrapneled air.
    Poetry gargling its own blood.  We sense it was love
    you gave your world for; the town squares silent,
    awaiting their cenotaphs.  What happened next?
    War.  And after that?  War.  And now?  War.  War.
    History might as well be water, chastising this shore;
    for we learn nothing from your endless sacrifice.
   Your faces drowning in the pages of the sea.

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       Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill wrote about his

      experiences on 11 NOV 1918: "It was a few minutes

      before the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the

      eleventh month...waiting for Big Ben to tell that the war

      over... and then suddenly the first stroke of the chime...

      the bells of London began to clash.   


      After fifty-two months of making burdens grievous to be

      borne and binding them on men's backs, at last, all at once,

      suddenly and everywhere the burdens were cast down."

 
            -- in Winston S. Churchill, volume IV World in Torment 1916-1922, by Sir Martin Gilbert.

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   St Mihiel American Cemetery.   WW1 Memorial to
      4,153 military dead, and 284 missing in action.
Located near Thiaucourt, France, 260 km east of Paris.
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The Restored Burlington Northern Depot
                     & WWII Memorial Museum

                                depothill.net
                                      ######