The Restored Burlington Northern Depot & WWII Memorial Museum




  In 1903 when the CB&Q (Chicago, Burlington & Quincy) Railroad Depot was completed,

it was a model of modern convenience linking Red Oak Iowa to more urban communities in

worlds totally different from life here on the prairie.  Rural communities were virtually inaccessible

by any method of transportation until lifelines of railroads joined them to more metropolitan societies.


  Re-dedicated 20 DEC 2003, on the 100th anniversary of the first dedication, The Restored

Burlington Northern Depot now houses a WWII Memorial Museum, dedicated to all those who

served in the Second World War, whether on the front lines ( 1,100 active duty service participants

were from Montgomery County Iowa ) or the home fronts (farms, factories, communities, & kitchens).

                             The Restored Burlington Northern Depot was recipient of
Iowa Historic Preservation Alliance's Preservation At Its Best Awards. 
    The award is made to projects that demonstrate commitment to maintaining and preserving
   Iowa's cultural heritage.  Presented at the State Historical Building, Des Moines, 10 MAY 2004.


  During the struggle against the Axis, the citizens of Montgomery County Iowa lost a high percentage

of their sons.  Click here for a report (3 pages, 30 KB .pdf) from the Iowa War Records Commission.

Many of those active service participants from the county were assigned to Company F ( Villisca )

and Company M ( Red Oak ).  During WWII, both units were part of the 168th Infantry Regiment,

34th  Red Bull  Infantry Division.



  The architecture of the Depot is the Richardson Romanesque Style which influenced the

   first Chicago School of architecture and architects such as Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright. 

That Style, named after Henry Hobson Richardson, generally follows Romanesque Revival Style,

     incorporating 11th century southern French and Spanish Romanesque characteristics,

                     plus Richardson designs, which can be observed on the Depot, such as:

                 * Recessed window arches (more extensive than the earlier Norman).

                 * Polychromatic use of two colors of stone.

                 * Hip (slopes to sides and ends) roof.

                 *  Arches that sit on the columns.

                 * Stone stringer courses.



The adjacent concrete-encased brick arch RR bridge over 2nd Street was constructed in 1903.


 ● A few city blocks directly north of the Depot is another structure constructed in the

        Richardson Romanesque Style – the 1890 Montgomery County Courthouse.


The Restored Burlington Northern Depot & WWII Memorial Museum is a project in the

          Depot Hill Historic Preservation District and is listed (National Register

      Information System # 99000489) on the National Register of Historic Places --

                   cultural resources worthy of preservation, administered by the

                       National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. 

       “Listing in the National Register of Historic Places provides formal recognition

               of a property’s historical, architectural, or archeological significance

                             based on national standards used by every state.” (1)   

(1)   U.S. National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places Program: Fundamentals, 18 AUG 2012



of The Restored Burlington Northern Depot & WWII Memorial Museum


 Wikipedia entry on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Depot (Red Oak, Iowa)


The Restored Burlington Northern Depot & WWII Memorial Museum

  Celebrating Railroad Heritage and Honoring World War II Veterans“


                  305 South 2nd Street, RED OAK, IOWA  51566  USA